Referencing - How to guide!
Use the following examples as a guide or use our online citation maker.
Books - Citing the whole book
Gunson, D. (1993). A guide to the New Zealand seashore. Auckland: Penguin.
Parts of a book or encyclopaedia
Wade. T. E. (1999). Electronics. In The World Book Encyclopedia (Vol. 6, pp. 206-217). Chicago: World Book.
Judd, W. & Quinn, P. (1999). Living under the shadow of cancer. New Zealand Geographic (43), 20-57.
Films and Video
Weir, P.B. (Producer), & Harrison, B.F. (Director). (1992). Levels of consciousness. [Video]. USA: Filmways.
Bennett, J. (2000, January 26). Buskers risk Dignity for a Dollar. The Press, p. 6.
Philp, M. (1999, 6-12 March). Toxic shock. The Listener. Retrieved:
The essential elements of the reference include:
Footnotes can be used as an abridged citation (1) or to expand on a point without losing the flow of the text (2). Insert footnotes at the bottom of the relevant page and put full citations at the end of your work.
Author, date published, page number(s).
'HOW TO' use Citemaker
Is the information reliable?
Use the CRAAP test.
Currency: The timeliness of the information.
Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.
Authority: The source of the information.
Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the informational content.
Purpose: The reason the information exists.
The CRAAP Test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. Not all criteria apply equally to all articles but will give you confidence that your sources meet the expectations of your assignment.
What is plagiarism?
Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense:
ACCORDING TO THE MERRIAM-WEBSTER ONLINE DICTIONARY, TO "PLAGIARIZE" MEANS
Use the following websites to for further information: Plagiarism