Referencing - How to guide!
Use the following examples as a guide or use our online citation maker.
Books - Citing the whole book
Gunson, D. (1993). A guide to the New Zealand seashore. Auckland: Penguin.
Parts of a book or encyclopaedia
Wade. T. E. (1999). Electronics. In The World Book Encyclopedia (Vol. 6, pp. 206-217). Chicago: World Book.
Judd, W. & Quinn, P. (1999). Living under the shadow of cancer. New Zealand Geographic (43), 20-57.
Films and Video
Weir, P.B. (Producer), & Harrison, B.F. (Director). (1992). Levels of consciousness. [Video]. USA: Filmways.
Bennett, J. (2000, January 26). Buskers risk Dignity for a Dollar. The Press, p. 6.
Philp, M. (1999, 6-12 March). Toxic shock. The Listener. Retrieved:
The essential elements of the reference include:
Footnotes can be used as an abridged citation (1) or to expand on a point without losing the flow of the text (2). Insert footnotes at the bottom of the relevant page and put full citations at the end of your work.
Note: Universities in New Zealand use In-Text Citation
Author, date published, page number(s).
If you are working in Google-Docs use Tools-research, search the source and click Cite. Here is an example1. If you use only one book by the same author, then subsequent footnotes need only a name and page number2. If a footnote is from the same source as the previous footnote, then the term ‘Ibid ‘can be used.
1 Harris, J. (2014) The Gospel of Loki. Gollancz, London.
2 Harris, pp. 66-67
3 Ibid, p.26
A video 'HOW TO' on Citemaker